The diversity of styles and colors of headgear increased greatly in the 1300’s. Although there are still uncovered heads shown in the manuscripts, it really does complete the outfit more when appropriate headgear is worn.
This post is by no means a complete list of men’s hats and hoods. It’s simply some of the more common types, listed hopefully to help you become a better dressed reenactor.
Men’s 14th Century Headgear
- The classics never die. The coif is still around. It’s more often seen under another type of head-wear, but it hasn’t changed much over the centuries.
- I’ve written a post on patterning your own coif based off of your head measurements:
Hoods / Liripipes
- The diversity of hoods increases greatly this century.
- We still have the simple hood with a moderate length tail
- And we now have hoods with long tails. These hoods are often called liripipes
- Decorations, at least for the wealthier folk, are a must
- Non-standard bottom edges
- As you can see in some of the above pictures, the edges weren’t always flat.
- Hoods for Fools
- Sometime in the early 14th century, someone took their hood and stuck the face opening on top of their head. Why? I have no idea, but think of some of the modern fashions that have stemmed from someone wearing something “wrong,” like wearing a baseball cap backwards. This style took off, and in no time hoods were worn with the face going over the head and the old head-hole dangling off the back or over the front.
- By the end of the century, you can’t even tell, unless you look for it, that the chaperon stemmed from the simple tailed hood.
Wide Brimmed / Wicker Hats
- You see the wicker hats, but they are still primarily worn on the working class people.